⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐ Nursing Diagnosis Outcome Nursing Intervention Evaluation

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Nursing Diagnosis Outcome Nursing Intervention Evaluation

RN Staff Experience. Did the plan work? Percent The Pros And Cons Of Naturalism, Creationism And Existentialism Care Nursing Staff. Yours sincerely. Pathophysiology of Aneurysm by Osmosis. CalNOC b. Computers in Nursing, Nursing Diagnosis Outcome Nursing Intervention Evaluation 11 ,

Nursing Process 5r: Implementation and Evaluation

Pathophysiology of Aneurysm by Osmosis. Check out this awesome pathophysiology and easy to understand video by Osmosis. Let us support them via Patreon to make more informative videos like this. The goals of medical treatment are to allow the brain to recover from the initial insult, to prevent or minimize the risk of rebleeding, and to prevent or treat complications. The goal of surgery is to prevent bleeding in an unruptured aneurysm or further bleeding in an already ruptured aneurysm. A complete neurologic assessment is performed initially and includes evaluation for the following:.

The patient and the family are provided with information that will enable them to cooperate with the care and restrictions required to prepare them to return home. An embolus. A cerebral thrombus. A brain tumor. Uncontrolled hypertension. Numbness of an arm or leg. Double vision. Antibiotics also referred to as antibacterials, are the mainstay treatment for bacterial pneumonia. Antibiotics fight against the bacteria by:. Bacterial pneumonia is the most common type of pneumonia.

Oral antibiotics are most commonly used to treat bacterial pneumonia. In the absence of the causative bacteria being identified, empirical antibiotics or antibiotics are chosen to treat the likely pathogen causing bacterial pneumonia are often used. Within three to five days of commencing antibiotic treatment for bacterial pneumonia symptoms should start to improve. If symptoms do not improve it is possible that the antibiotic treatment selected is not the right treatment for the pathogen causing bacterial pneumonia. Alternative antibiotic treatment that is pathogen directed will, therefore, be required.

Narrow-spectrum antibiotics are effective in targeting specific types of bacteria. Vancomycin and flucloxacillin are both narrow-spectrum antibiotics used to treat bacterial pneumonia caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus MRSA. Broad-spectrum antibiotics are effective in treating bacterial pneumonia caused by common causative bacteria. Azithromycin and Ceftriaxone are broad-spectrum antibiotics commonly prescribed to treat bacterial pneumonia.

Antibiotics do not treat viral pneumonia. Following diagnostic testing, if it is confirmed that the cause of the pneumonia is a viral infection, then antiviral therapy will be prescribed to treat viral pneumonia. Viral pneumonia is caused by viruses such as influenza A and B. The following antivirals are examples of those used to treat viral pneumonia:. Fungi is the least common cause of pneumonia, however, Mattila et al. Fungal pneumonia may be caused by a variety of different fungi including Histoplasma capsulatum and mucormycosis. Antifungals are used to treat fungal pneumonia. Antifungals work by stopping the growth of fungi.

The following are examples of antifungal treatments used to treat fungal pneumonia:. To assist the patient with expectoration, humidified oxygen therapy may be beneficial. To determine a pneumonia diagnosis, the clinician must ascertain the absence or presence of pneumonia symptoms and obtain a detailed clinical history from the patient. Physical assessment is key in the assessment of patients with respiratory complaints, such as pneumonia. The components of a physical assessment should include:. The act of observing for visible external signs of respiratory function, reviewing chest symmetry and appearance and inspecting for accessory muscle usage. The technique of tapping the surface of a body part to learn the condition of the parts beneath by the resultant sound.

Diagnosis is made based on the outcome of the physical assessment, patient history and the results of diagnostic testing. Pneumonia complications commonly occur in young children, older people and those with pre-existing chronic health conditions, such as diabetes and cardiac conditions. Pleurisy is a condition where the pleura thin linings between the lungs and ribcage becomes inflamed. Lung abscesses are rare any generally only occur in people with serious pre-existing illnesses and those who have a history of severe alcohol misuse. Nursing management of patients with pneumonia is dependent on the needs of the individual, the symptoms and the targeted treatment required. Comprehensive nursing assessment is critical to the diagnosis of pneumonia and the ongoing management of the pneumonia patient.

Monitor oxygen saturation, noting oxygen requirement and delivery mode if required. Continue to monitor as clinically indicated. Check pulses location, rate, rhythm and strength ; temperature peripheral and central , skin color and moisture, skin turgor, capillary refill time central and Peripheral ; skin, lip, oral mucosa and nail bed color. Nursing diagnoses reflect the potential causes and contributing factors of the health condition.

The nursing care plan is based on the nursing diagnosis. Based on the information gained through the nursing assessment the nursing diagnoses related to the patient with pneumonia include:. Nurses set to achieve goals in conjunction with the patient. These goals are based on the outcome of assessments and the diagnoses. Maintaining adequate hydration is essential. Increased fluid intake assists with the expectoration of secretions.

These exercises are crucial for clearing excess secretion, they improve lung function and help to strengthen the diaphragm and the accessory muscles around the lungs. A balanced diet, including adequate servings of fruit and vegetables, promotes recovery from illness. Adherence with the prescribed medication regimen is key to recovery and preventing resurgence of pneumonia. Nursing evaluation is the process whereby the success of the goals and outcomes are reviewed, and factors identified which are positively or negatively influencing the goal achievement. Using critical thinking and problem-solving skills the nurse makes clinical decisions and plans care for the patient accordingly.

The nursing care plan should be modified as required. Discharge planning should commence on admission. It is important that the multidisciplinary team are involved in the discharge planning process to ensure that all discharge needs and priorities are identified. Providing patients with education is integral to the discharge process. Patient education is essential to ensuring satisfactory health outcomes.

It is essential that the patient is aware of their medication regimen and understands the importance of medication compliance, administration processes and potential side effects. Referrals to appropriate health professionals and other relevant organizations should be made and communicated to the patient. It is imperative that the patient is aware of any follow-up appointments and that the patient is encouraged to maintain any follow-up appointments in order to gain the best health outcomes.

In order to improve the capacity of the lungs and promote clearance of secretions breathing exercises should be provided for the patient. An exercise regimen may also need to be provided. This should be developed in conjunct with the multidisciplinary team. If applicable the patient should be encouraged to cease smoking as a continuation of smoking with inhibiting recovery from pneumonia as smoking impacts the capacity of the lungs to take up oxygen and damages the cilia. Limiting alcohol consumption should also be encouraged.

The nurse should ensure that all the necessary information has been collected, is complete, and has been documented appropriately. Heart rate, respiratory rate, oxygen saturation rate and temperate should also be accurately documented in the health record. With pneumonia patients, it is important that the details of breath sounds including the presence and characteristics of secretions and accessory muscles usage are recorded. The care plan must outline the details of the multidisciplinary team and their involvement in care. The care plan should be updated as required. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Saturday, October 9,

Nursing Diagnosis Outcome Nursing Intervention Evaluation and Learning in Pros And Cons Of Chloramines, 8 Ready, set, share your preprint. Nurse Turnover. Nursing report card for acute care Nursing Diagnosis Outcome Nursing Intervention Evaluation. Surgical Care Improvement Nursing Diagnosis Outcome Nursing Intervention Evaluation. Syndrome diagnoses also have no related factors.

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